A lot of people like candles and enjoy having them around the house. If you are one of these people, you might want to know how to make your own candles from scratch. This is not as hard as many people imagine as all you need is the right items and some time.
What You Need
To make your own candle, you are going to need certain items. The most important will be the wax for the body of the candle. This can be bees wax, soy wax or a special candle wax mixture that you are able to buy from many hobby stores.
You will also need a large candle wick which can also be bought from a hobby store. If you want to make scented candles, you need some fragrance oil. You will also need a pair of chopsticks or two pencils.
You will also need to have a double boiler and a heat-proof container. A spatula and a thermometer will also be required.
Measure And Melt The Wax
To start your candle, you will need to measure out the amount of wax that you need to fill your heat-roof container. Once you have this amount, you should double it as this is the amount of wax that you need to melt. It is recommended that you do this in a clean and flat area where there is nothing that you do not want to get wax on.
Once you have the wax measured out, you need to place it in the double boiler. Allow the wax to melt for around 10 to 15 minutes. While the wax melts, you need to stir it regularly to disperse the heat and ensure that all the wax is melting at the same rate.
Add Your Fragrance Oils
If you are making a scented candle, you will need to add your fragrance oils to the melted wax. The amount of oil that you should be using will vary depending on the type of wax you are melting. You need to be careful with the oils as you do not want to use too much as it will make the scent of the candle too powerful.
To add the oil to the wax, you simply have to drop it in while the wax is in the double boiler. You should stir the wax for a few seconds after adding the oil to completely mix it.
Attach The Wick
Once your wax is melted, you need to attach the wick of the candle to the bottom of your heat-proof container. There are a few ways that you can do this, but the best is to use some of the melted wax. To do this, you will need to dip one end of the wick into the melted wax and then quickly stick it to the bottom of the container.
You will need to leave the wick for 5 minutes as this gives it enough time to harden. If you want to use a different method, you could superglue the wick to the bottom of the container.
Pour The Wax
You need to let the wax cool for a few minutes or until it is at a temperature of 140F. You should place the wax into a container that is easy to pour from such as a measuring jug. You can then start to pour the wax into your heat-proof container which has your wick.
As you pour the wax, you will need to hold the wick in place. However, you should not pull on the wick because this could cause it to detach from the bottom of the container. You need to leave a small amount of wax in the double boiler for topping off the candle later.
Secure The Wick
Once the wax has been poured, you need to secure the wick to ensure that it does not sway in the melted wax. This is where your pencils or chopsticks will come in handy. You should sandwich the wick between them and play them across the top of the container to center the wick as the wax hardens. The wax should then be allowed to set.
Adding More Wax
If you have a candle that has hardened with tiny holes and cracks on the top, you should reheat the left over wax and pour it on top of the candle. Once this has set, you will be able to trim the wick to a manageable level.